romans 11 commentary
John Piper Mar 21, 2004 318 Shares Sermon. (2) The preservation of this remnant, even as their separation at the first, is all of mere grace ( Romans 11:5 Romans 11:6 ). For the gifts and calling--"and the calling" of God are without repentance--"not to be," or "cannot be repented of." There is a distinction between national or ethnic Israel and spiritual Israel. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 9. But as all the glorious manifestations of Israel's God were regarded as issuing out of Zion, as the seat of His manifested glory ( Psalms 20:2 , 110:2 , Isaiah 31:9 ), the turn which the apostle gives to the words merely adds to them that familiar idea. Be not high-minded, but fear--( Proverbs 28:14 , Philippians 2:12 ): 21. Not only are we at first justified by faith, but kept to the end in that justified state by faith only; yet, by a faith which is not alone, but which worketh by love to God and man. What then — What is the conclusion from the whole? OT election was for service, while NT election is for salvation (check your concordance!). Grace (5485) (charis) is God's unmerited favor and supernatural enablement and empowerment for salvation and for daily sanctification. 32. take heed lest he also spare not thee--a mere wild graft. For I also am an Israelite, of … From God, to God, Through God. (3) When individuals and communities, after many fruitless warnings, are abandoned of God, they go from bad to worse ( Romans 11:7-10 ).  C. K. Barrett, A Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, Harper’s New Testament Commentaries (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1957), p, 180. And, &c.--better, "Now if it (the election) be by grace, it is no more of works; for [then] grace becomes no more grace: but if it be of works," &c. (The authority of ancient manuscripts against this latter clause, as superfluous and not originally in the text, though strong, is not sufficient, we think, to justify its exclusion. Every truly good disposition in a fallen creature must be the effect, therefore it cannot be the cause, of the grace of God bestowed on him. Although philosophical overtures of theodicy are disclaimed by Nygren and Gaugler, 9-11 from this perspective is a vindication of God’s ways in dealing with men through the gospel. Oh, the depth, &c.--The apostle now yields himself up to the admiring contemplation of the grandeur of that divine plan which he had sketched out. God forbid--Our Lord did indeed announce that "the kingdom of God should be taken from Israel" ( Matthew 21:41 ); and when asked by the Eleven, after His resurrection, if He would at that time "restore the kingdom to Israel," His reply is a virtual admission that Israel was in some sense already out of covenant ( Acts 1:9 ). The branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in. All Rights Reserved. “I will have mercy upon whom I will have mercy,” He said, “And I will have compassion upon whom I will have compassion.” (Exodus 33:19).When they finished, James spoke up: “Brothers, listen to me. These were kept according to the election of grace. For God hath concluded them all in unbelief--"hath shut them all up to unbelief" that he might have mercy upon all--that is, those "all" of whom he had been discoursing; the Gentiles first, and after them the Jews [FRITZSCHE, THOLUCK, OLSHAUSEN, DE WETTE, PHILIPPI, STUART, HODGE]. 19-21. In Romans Chapter 11, Paul describes a conflict that began with the early Christian church and is still at work today. Certainly it is not "all mankind individually" [MEYER, ALFORD]; for the apostle is not here dealing with individuals, but with those great divisions of mankind, Jew and Gentile. From Israel hath come all that thou art and hast in the family of God; for "salvation is of the Jews" ( John 4:22 ). The Jews continued branches of this tree till, as a nation, they rejected the Messiah; after that, their relation to Abraham and to God was, as it were, cut off. 35. Not merely from ancestral recollections, as one looks with fond interest on the child of a dear friend for that friend's sake [DR. ARNOLD]--a beautiful thought, and not foreign to Scripture, in this very matter (see 2 Chronicles 20:7 , Isaiah 41:8 )--but it is from ancestral connections and obligations, or their lineal descent from and oneness in covenant with the fathers with whom God originally established it. until the fulness of the Gentiles be--"have" come in--that is, not the general conversion of the world to Christ, as many take it; for this would seem to contradict the latter part of this chapter, and throw the national recovery of Israel too far into the future: besides, in Romans 11:15 , the apostle seems to speak of the receiving of Israel, not as following, but as contributing largely to bring about the general conversion of the world--but, "until the Gentiles have had their full time of the visible Church all to themselves while the Jews are out, which the Jews had till the Gentiles were brought in." It isn’t “spiritual Israel” in Romans 11:25, because that Israel is spiritually blind. True grace seeks not to confine God's favour. The very same love which chose the fathers, and rested on the fathers as a parent stem of the nation, still rests on their descendants at large, and will yet recover them from unbelief, and reinstate them in the family of God. For as ye in times past have not believed--or, "obeyed" God--that is, yielded not to God "the obedience of faith," while strangers to Christ. The words will certainly bear this sense, "the depth of God's riches." That which is precious and valuable now follow: two from the Abrahamic covenant itself heed lest he also not! That he might have mercy upon all that he might have mercy upon all new idea a! Romans 11:11-31 what the Scripture saith of Elias so a living witness to the election of grace, had grafted! And tempers of the wisdom, goodness, and the diminishing of them literally! 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