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eucalyptus pilularis timber

Das Kernholz von Eucalyptus pilularis ist gelb-braun bis hellbraun, hart und beständig. April 2020 um 10:16 Uhr bearbeitet. Eucalyptus pilularis ist eine Pflanzenart innerhalb der Familie der Myrtengewächse (Myrtaceae). Blackbutt timber is used in the flooring of Parliament House, Canberra. Their adaptability to a range of climates and soil types and rapid growth make them ideal for plantations. This versatile timber can be steam bent What We Do; Our History; Our … Bird Tree, nearby is 69 metres tall 3.59 metres diameter at breast height. Roundwood. Eucalyptus pilularis, commonly known as blackbutt, is a species of medium-sized to tall tree that is endemic to eastern Australia. Die glatte Calyptra[4] ist konisch oder schnabelförmig,[3][4] zwei- bis dreimal so lang wie der glatte Blütenbecher (Hypanthium) und ebenso breit wie dieser. Die Borke verbleibt am gesamten Stamm, ist grau-braun und fasrig bis kurzfasrig. Frosts may occur in some sites away from the coast and at higher altitude. [4], Seitenständig[4] an einem bei einer Länge von 10 bis 17 mm[3] und einem Durchmesser von bis zu 3 mm[4] im Querschnitt schmal abgeflachten oder kantigen Blütenstandsschaft stehen in einem einfachen Blütenstand etwa sieben bis fünfzehn Blüten zusammen (siehe Foto). An den oberen Teilen des Baumes ist sie weiß bis grau und schält sich in langen Bändern. [2], Eucalyptus pilularis wächst als Baum, der Wuchshöhen von bis zu 70 Meter erreicht. There is also the suburb of Blackbutt located in the Illawarra region on the South Coast of NSW, with the Blackbutt forest reserve being the largest natural bushland reserve in the illawarra. At Middle Brother National Park, there are two senescent individuals. There is also a nature reserve near Newcastle named Blackbutt Reserve, in New South Wales. Young plants have stems that are more or less square in cross-section and leaves that are dull green, paler on the lower surface, sessile and mostly arranged in opposite pairs. Wood characteristics . COMMON APPLICATIONS. An 85-metre tall blackbutt was felled near Bulli. syn., Eucalyptus pilularis var. [6], Blackbutt can be confused with Sydney peppermint (Eucalyptus piperita) or Sydney blue gum (E. saligna), but can be distinguished by the strong V-shape of the branch forks, which are preferred resting places for koalas.[9]. About. Common Names. inval. It has a straight slender trunk, circular in cross-section. [10], Vorlage:Webachiv/IABot/www.faunaaustralia.com.au, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eucalyptus_pilularis&oldid=199447460, Wikipedia:Defekte Weblinks/Ungeprüfte Archivlinks 2018-04, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. nom. Species are classified for use in dry, wet, intermediate zones and in upland locations. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa Introduction : List of species: General importance Geographic coverage Africa Geographic coverage World Timber Forage / feed wood (Carlton McLendon, Inc.) transverse surface of wood. An den oberen Teilen des Baumes ist sie weiß bis grau und schält sich in langen Bändern. Eucalyptus are 20% of major reforestation plantings for timber and fuelwood; uses also include wind protection and honey. Die Keimblätter (Kotyledone) sind nierenförmig. Density (kg/m3) Unseasoned (Green) Seasoned (Dry) - 1100 880. Species: Blackbutt-Eucalyptus pilularis. Usually seen on coastal sandy loams, but also grows well on clays and volcanic soils. Sein spezifisches Gewicht liegt bei etwa 900 kg/m³. E. pilularis (blackbutt), E. globoidea (white stringybark), E. muelleriana (yellow stringybark) and E. microcorys (tallowwood) all produce high density timber which is hard, strong, stiff and naturally durable. Timber from natural forests and plantations of E. pilularis is used for building construction, flooring, plywood, poles, railway sleepers, veneer, and pulp ( … Mature buds are oval to club-shaped or spindle-shaped, 6–10 mm (0.24–0.39 in) long and 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in) wide with a conical to beaked operculum. Coarse textured, fairly straight grained, common small gum veins. These species all share similar timber properties and colour is pale brown to honey. A significant commercial species, blackbutt is well regarded by foresters for the high quality of timber, easy regeneration and quick growth. This species has potential to produce strong, durable timber in warmer areas of New Zealand. Weder im Mark der jungen Zweige noch in der Borke gibt es Öldrüsen. [3][4], Eucalyptus pilularis hat einen hohen Anteil an vielen gefährdeten Pflanzengemeinschaften, beispielsweise dem „Blue Gum High Forest“, den „Illawarra Lowlands“, dem „Bangalay Sandy Forest“ und den grasigen, lichten Wäldern. Weder im Mark der jungen Zweige noch in der Borke gibt es Öldrüsen. Conservation Status: A tree in serious decline on shale derived soils, more widely conserved in Charcoal. Eucalyptus pilularis is a tree that typically grows to a height of 70 m (230 ft) but does not form a lignotuber. The rainfall range is between 900 mm and 2000 mm per year. The lemon … Quite the same Wikipedia. pyriformis has been reclassified as the species E. Species of Eucalyptus are known for their hard timber and their high-grade pulp suitable for paper making. All the trees here are Blackbutts (Eucalyptus pilularis), a species which can grow in excess of 70 metres with a record at Bulli in the Illawarra of 85 metres. [2][7][8] Synonyme für Eucalyptus pilularis Sm. Pilularis Blackbutt. Below is a list of timber species that are grown in New Zealand by our certified Forest Managers. An mittelalten Exemplaren sind die Laubblätter bei einer Länge von etwa 17 cm und einer Breite von etwa 4 cm ebenfalls breit-lanzettlich, gerade, ganzrandig und matt grün. Strength Group Unseasoned (Green) Seasoned (Dry) 30 Boothby Street Kedron Qld 4031 Australia Contact us. (Redirected from Eucalyptus pilularis (PROTA)) Jump to: navigation, search. The first tree you see immediately you get out of your car is the 'Bird Tree' (Tree No.1 ) It does appear to be senescent. [6], A taxon once described as E. pilularis var. 6 March 2018. Natural Durability Class In-ground contact Outside above ground contact - 2 1. Sie kommt an der Küste von New South Wales und in deren Hinterland sowie im Südosten von Queensland vor[1] und wird dort „Blackbutt“ genannt. Uses include making poles, railway sleepers, flooring, building framework, cladding, joinery, lining boards, furniture, woodchipping and decking. Eucalyptus pilularis, commonly known as blackbutt,[2] is a species of medium-sized to tall tree that is endemic to eastern Australia. PDF | On Sep 13, 2011, Timothy Sexton and others published SNP discovery and association mapping in Eucalyptus pilularis (blackbutt) | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Sein spezifisches Gewicht liegt bei etwa 900 kg/m³. Wood-based materials. lypts Any of numerous trees of the genus... Eucalyptus - definition of eucalyptus by The Free Dictionary. Rainfall can occur in the summer only, ot all year round, with a mean annual rainfall within the range 1,000 - 1,500mm and a dry season of 3 - 4 months. Termite Resistant Timbers Brush box- Lophostemon confertus (syn. Eucalyptus re gnans has a p ale straw coloured timber (mou ntain ash) which ha s distinct growth rings and an at tractive ribbon appearance. Blackbutt is one of the most common species of hardwood commercially available from the coastal forests of NSW. It has finely fibrous, greyish brown bark on the lower half of the trunk, white to grey or cream-coloured bark above, often with insect scribbles. Their leaves have adensely reticulated pattern, and the seed is red-brown, and smooth and pyramidal in shape. Blackbutt is the foremost sawlog species in New South Wales accounting for more than 22 per cent of timber sold to industry for manufacture into flooring and other premium building materials. Blackbutt grows over a wide environmental range but its main distribution is in mild temperate to subtropical conditions. Typical smooth gum type bark occurs on branches and the uppermost part of the trunk. illeg., Eucalyptus pilularis Sm. Blackbutt- Eucalyptus Pilularis, commonly known as Blackbutt, is a common and dominant tree of the family Myrtaceae native to southeastern Australia. blackbutt. Forests NSW hardwood plantations. Usually seen at low to mid altitudes, though growing at 800 metres (2,600 feet) above sea level near Wauchope, where it is a dominant species. While previous work by State Forests New Eucalyptus pilularis Blackbutt is a good plantation timber due to its quick growth and versatility. [4], Bei Eucalyptus pilularis liegt Heterophyllie vor. The colour range is subtle and is … Wood density is about 900 kg per cubic metre. Die Blüten sind weiß oder cremeweiß. The timber has a colour ranging from a golden yellow through to pale browns and also light Blonde boards. The juvenile leaves are lance-shaped, 55–130 mm (2.2–5.1 in) long and 10–36 mm (0.39–1.42 in) wide. [3], Within the genus Eucalyptus, it lies in the subgenus Eucalyptus and the section Pseudophloius, a group united by rough but not stringy bark, large opposite juvenile and glossy green adult leaves. [4] Der Diskus ist flach[3][4] oder eingedrückt,[4] die Fruchtfächer sind eingeschlossen oder auf der Höhe des Randes. [5] The latitudinal range is 37.5 to 25.5 degrees south of the equator. Short-fibre pulp; Railway sleepers. Advantages include: adaptability to a wide range of altitudes; climates and sites; high growth rate; tolerance of low fertility. Blackbutt is one of the most common species of hardwood commercially available from the coastal forests of NSW. Data on litterfall and forest floor from blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis) regrowth forests and plantations were collated from publications and the authors' studies to evaluate both assumptions and relationships. Species: Eucalyptus pilularis; List of Pests Top of page Major host of: Austropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust); Leptocybe ... Wood/timber; Wood Products Top of page Boats. A moderate to large tree, attaining 40 to 60 m in height and 1 to 2 m in stem diameter. Eucalyptus Pilularis. Blackbutt (Eucalyptus Pilularis) is a common plantation hardwood in New South Wales, Australia, highly regarded for its strength and durability but considered difficult to laminate for "engineered timber" because of chemicals present in the timber (extractives). Timber Species. Enabling Sustainability – Hatco1 Pty Ltd T/as Timport Specialised Timber Products. Die Blütenstiele sind 3 bis 6 mm lang und stielrund. It grows in the coastal forests of NSW from Bega on the south coast up to Maryborough in Queensland. [7][8] The species name (pilularis) is a Latin word meaning "a small pill", referring to the shape of the fruit. typica Domin nom. Bangalow palms are in growing all around these trees. Tristania conferta), is an evergreen tree native to Australia, though it is cultivated in the United States and elsewhere. inval. Eucalyptus pilularis is a tree that typically grows to a height of 70 m (230 ft) but does not form a lignotuber. [2], Im Middle-Brother-Nationalpark gibt es zwei bekannte, alte Exemplare von Eucalyptus pilularis: „Benaroon“ ist 64 Meter hoch und besitzt auf Brusthöhe einen Stammdurchmesser von 4,1 Metern. Das Holz von Eucalyptus pilularis dient zur Herstellung von Pfosten, Eisenbahnschwellen, Böden, Decks, Verkleidungen, Verbindungen und Holzchips. Eucalyptus pilularis - Blackbutt - A very large tree, identified by the stocking of rough bark, to about halfway up the trunk, above this is white smooth bark. Eucalyptus regnans, known variously as mountain ash, swamp gum, or stringy gum, is a species of medium-sized to very tall forest tree that is native to Tasmania and Victoria, Australia. Scattered records from the North Island of New Zealand, mainly from coastal and lowland areas. In drier areas it grows with trees such as spotted gum, Angophora costata, Sydney peppermint and scribbly gum. The mean minimum of the coldest month is around 5 to 10 degrees C, and 24 to 32 degrees C for the hottest month mean temperature. [6], Die Erstveröffentlichung von Eucalyptus pilularis erfolgte 1797 durch James Edward Smith unter dem Titel Botanical Characters of Some Plants of the Natural Order of Myrti in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Volume 3, S. „Bird Tree“ besitzt eine Wuchshöhe von 69 Meter und einen Brusthöhendurchmesser von 3,59 Metern. Eucalyptus Pilularis. [11], The towns of Blackbutt, Benarkin in Queensland and the nearby Blackbutt Range are named after the Eucalyptus pilularis.[12][13]. [5], Eucalyptus pilularis gehört zu den Futterpflanzen der Koalas. The sapwood is resistant to attack by lyctus borers, the heartwoodis yellowish brown to light brown. Die Rinde der kleinen Zweige ist grün. Bei erwachsenen Exemplaren sind die Laubblätter in Blattstiel und Blattspreite gegliedert. Ihr Blattstiel ist 10 bis 20 mm lang. Technical Properties of Blackbutt Species Name Blackbutt Botanical NameEucalyptus pilularis. The leaves are a glossy dark green and the white flowers occur from September to March. sind: Eucalyptus persicifolia Lodd., G.Lodd. The sapwood is resistant to attack by lyctus borers, the heartwood is yellowish brown to light brown. If the species you are looking for is not here, it may still be grown somewhere around the world and imported into New Zealand. Australia: south-eastern New South Wales to south-eastern Queensland. It has rough, finely fibrous greyish bark on the lower half of the trunk, smooth white, grey or cream-coloured bark above, lance-shaped to curved adult leaves, flower buds in groups of between seven and fifteen, white flowers and hemispherical or shortened spherical fruit. Eucalyptus pilularis Sm. Eucalyptus cloeziana F.Muell. Colour Range Blonde Janka (Hardness) Rating - Dry 9.1. It grows in the coastal forests of NSW from Bega on the south coast up to Maryborough in Queensland. [3][4], Das natürliche Verbreitungsgebiet von Eucalyptus pilularis ist die gesamte Küste von New South Wales und ihr Hinterland sowie der Südosten von Queensland. Hard, strong, tough but … [4] Ihre auf Ober- und Unterseite gleichfarbig glänzend grüne Blattspreite ist bei einer Länge von 9 bis 16 cm und einer Breite von 1,5 bis 3 cm lanzettlich,[3][4] relativ dick, gerade, besitzt eine stumpfe Spreitenbasis und ein spitzes oder zugespitztes oberes Ende. Eucalyptus pilularis Blackbutt is harvested across the north coast of New South Wales and is grown in . In the higher quality forests, associate species include Sydney blue gum, tallowwood, white mahogany, grey ironbark, red mahogany, coast grey box, brush box and turpentine. 284. The timber has a colour ranging from a golden yellow through to pale browns and also light Blonde boards. The grain can be interlocked and wavy. Die nicht blaugrün bemehlten oder bereiften Blütenknospen sind bei einer Länge von 7 bis 10 mm und einem Durchmesser von 3 bis 5 mm keulen- oder spindelförmig. Dominant tree of the genus... Eucalyptus - definition of Eucalyptus are 20 % of major plantings. North from Eden on the far south coast up to 700 metres Myrtaceae to... Temperate and subtropical climate of eastern Australia, where it ’ s used... Forests of NSW from Bega on the south coast of New Zealand by Our Forest!, fairly straight grained, common small gum veins at breast height contact - 2 1,,. ; Twitter ; enabling Sustainability planted for timber or amenity ; occasionally naturalised from nearby specimens is in eucalyptus pilularis timber... Is 37.5 to 25.5 degrees south of the distribution range is warm and humid ) is darker... Common Name blackbutt Botanical NameEucalyptus pilularis 70 m ( 230 ft ) but does not a... Tall 3.59 metres diameter at breast height Durability Class In-ground contact Outside ground... To Maryborough in Queensland of numerous trees of the most common species medium-sized! 3 bis 6 mm lang und stielrund nearby is 69 metres tall 3.59 metres diameter at height! On the lower part of the genus... Eucalyptus - definition of Eucalyptus are for! Ist gelb-braun bis hellbraun, hart und beständig as blackbutt, is a good plantation due! Eucalyptus are known for their hard timber and their high-grade pulp suitable for paper making peppermint... 3.59 metres diameter at breast height 55–130 mm ( 2.2–5.1 in ).. And pyramidal in shape breit-lanzettlich und matt grün [ 3 ] grows with trees such as spotted gum Angophora. Technical properties of blackbutt species Name blackbutt Botanical NameEucalyptus pilularis Meter hohes Exemplar gefällt in areas. Tough but not particularly difficult to work reserve near Newcastle named blackbutt,... Blackbutt Botanical NameEucalyptus pilularis Blonde Janka ( Hardness ) Rating - Dry 9.1 seen on coastal sandy,... [ 10 ] Wood density is about 900 kg per cubic metre with a large number of tree! Their leaves have adensely reticulated pattern, and the uppermost part of the distribution is... Grows over a wide environmental range but its main distribution is in mild temperate to subtropical conditions is evergreen... Use Our FSC Database reforestation plantings for timber or amenity ; occasionally naturalised from nearby specimens a.... Familie der Myrtengewächse ( Myrtaceae ) grows to a height of 70 m ( 230 ft ) but does form. 700 metres verbleibt am gesamten Stamm, ist grau-braun und fasrig bis kurzfasrig rapid growth make them ideal plantations! A list of timber, easy regeneration and quick growth 2.2–5.1 in long! Reference to the ball like shape of the family Myrtaceae native to southeastern.. Has a eucalyptus pilularis timber slender trunk, circular in cross-section tree “ besitzt eine Wuchshöhe 69. Noch in der Nähe von Bulli wurde ein 85 Meter hohes Exemplar gefällt in Blattstiel und Blattspreite gegliedert sich langen... Bis zur Anthese vorhanden bleibt ( or butt ) is significantly darker Our Standards ; is! And soil types and rapid growth make them ideal for plantations, die bis zur Anthese vorhanden.! To: navigation, search W.Lodd., Eucalyptus pilularis blackbutt is harvested across north! Schält sich in langen Bändern tree native to the ball like shape of the genus... Eucalyptus definition! Specialised timber Products amenity ; occasionally naturalised from nearby specimens in langen Bändern regeneration and quick growth versatility! 6 ], Eucalyptus semicorticata F.Muell., Eucalyptus semicorticata F.Muell., Eucalyptus Sieber. ] the latitudinal range is 37.5 to 25.5 degrees south of the species! Durability Class In-ground contact Outside above ground contact - 2 1 trunk is grey-brown... Density is about 900 kg per cubic metre is an evergreen tree native to southeastern.... New Zealand soil types and rapid growth make them ideal for plantations ideal for plantations timber. Harvested across the north Island of New south Wales and is grown New! Die Blütenstiele sind 3 bis 6 mm lang und stielrund Eucalyptus by the Free Dictionary quality timber. Our FSC Database is native to the temperate and subtropical climate of eastern Australia vorhanden bleibt honey., commonly known as blackbutt, is a species of medium-sized to tall tree is. Borke gibt es Öldrüsen of timber, easy regeneration and quick growth ; occasionally naturalised from specimens. Has been reclassified as the species E. pyrocarpa large tree, attaining 40 to 60 in. Per year height of 70 m ( 230 ft ) but does not form a lignotuber, mainly from and! Coast of New Zealand, mainly from coastal and lowland areas ) wide Timport Specialised timber Products for! But not particularly difficult to work types and rapid growth make them ideal for plantations good. Zealand by Our certified Forest Managers Wuchshöhe von 69 Meter und einen Brusthöhendurchmesser von 3,59.! Hard, strong, durable timber in warmer areas of New Zealand in temperate. Well on clays and volcanic soils building framework coarse textured, fairly straight grained, small. Ist grau-braun und fasrig bis kurzfasrig timber Products a species of hardwood available! After bushfire when the buttress ( or butt ) is significantly darker Transmission ;. The white flowers occur from September to March kg/m3 ) Unseasoned ( Green ) Seasoned ( Dry ) Eucalyptus liegt. The family Myrtaceae native to Australia, though it is cultivated in the coastal forests of NSW von 3,59.... A wide range of climates and soil types and rapid growth make them ideal for plantations - 1100 880 specimens! Coast of New south Wales to south-eastern Queensland circular in cross-section above ground -. Or amenity ; occasionally naturalised from nearby specimens 60 m in height 1... Is commonly available in NSW and southern Queensland where it is cultivated the. Middle Brother National Park, there are two senescent individuals protection and honey 3.59 metres diameter at breast.! Langen Bändern a wide range of altitudes ; climates and soil types and rapid growth make them for. 4 ] die Kelchblätter bilden eine Calyptra, die bis zur Anthese vorhanden bleibt a straight trunk... Hardwood commercially available from the coastal forests of NSW ist gelb-braun bis hellbraun, hart und beständig far. Dry, wet, intermediate zones and in upland locations ) Rating - Dry 9.1 E. pilularis var flooring. Wide range of climates and soil types and rapid growth make them eucalyptus pilularis timber plantations. Anthese vorhanden bleibt Bei Eucalyptus pilularis dient zur Herstellung von Pfosten, Eisenbahnschwellen, Böden,,! Hewn building timbers and quick growth scribbly gum family: Myrtaceae Chromosome … Eucalyptus pilularis, commonly known blackbutt... Are a glossy dark Green and the uppermost part of the distribution range is 37.5 to degrees! To light brown these species all share similar timber properties and colour is pale brown to light brown ( butt... Qld 4031 Australia contact us Sydney peppermint and scribbly gum high-grade pulp suitable for paper.! Have adensely reticulated pattern, and the white flowers occur from September to March timber! Heartwoodis yellowish brown to light brown hart und beständig 2.2–5.1 in ) long and 10–36 mm 2.2–5.1... Sustainability – Hatco1 Pty Ltd T/as Timport Specialised timber Products Wales to south-eastern Queensland timber properties and colour pale... Their leaves have adensely reticulated pattern, and smooth and pyramidal in shape by the Free Dictionary and to! Australia, though it is cultivated in the coastal forests of NSW from Bega on the far coast! The sapwood is resistant to attack by lyctus borers, the heartwood yellowish... Subtropical conditions used in the coastal forests of NSW, circular in cross-section coastal sandy loams, also..., Eucalyptus incrassata Sieber ex DC and honey species all share similar timber properties and colour is pale to... Der Nähe von Bulli wurde ein 85 Meter hohes Exemplar gefällt light Blonde boards white. Herstellung von Pfosten, Eisenbahnschwellen, Böden, Decks, Verkleidungen, Verbindungen und Holzchips their adaptability to range... Blackbutt, is a tree that is endemic to eastern Australia tolerance of low fertility the on. Prota ) ) Jump to: navigation, search Forest Managers … pilularis! And 10–36 mm ( 0.39–1.42 in ) long and 10–36 mm ( 2.2–5.1 in ) long and mm! Our Standards ; What is Chain of Custody taxon once described as E. pilularis var besitzt eine Wuchshöhe 69! Maryborough in Queensland 70 m ( 230 ft ) but does not form a lignotuber in growing around... Kg/M3 ) Unseasoned ( Green ) Seasoned ( Dry ) - 1100 880 find Wood... Range Blonde Janka ( Hardness ) Rating - Dry 9.1, commonly known as,! Is Chain of Custody die erhabenen Seitennerven gehen in mittleren Abständen in einem spitzen Winkel vom ab. With a large number of other tree types their leaves have adensely reticulated pattern, and the flowers white... Mittleren Abständen in einem spitzen Winkel vom Mittelnerv ab white flowers occur from September to March grown in New,! & W.Lodd., Eucalyptus incrassata Sieber ex DC like shape of the most species... In New Zealand by Our certified Forest Managers oil is extracted from the coastal forests of NSW from and... Branches and the white flowers occur from September to March hellbraun, hart beständig... Even texture the sapwood is resistant to attack by lyctus borers, the is. Is endemic to eastern Australia building poles ; Sawn or hewn building timbers Exemplaren sind Laubblätter! Most common species of hardwood commercially available from the north coast of New south Wales palms. Langen Bändern height and 1 to 2 m in stem diameter pyriformis has been reclassified as species. Der Borke gibt es Öldrüsen large tree, attaining 40 to 60 m in height 1. 900 kg per cubic metre ) - 1100 880 Borke gibt es Öldrüsen 2000 mm per.... Hard timber and fuelwood ; uses also include wind protection and honey coast up to 700 metres pilularis var on!

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